According to the ancient classical literature of Ayurveda liver is referenced as yakrut or yakruta or yakrit. The word yakrut is the perfect combination of two words, “ya” and “krut.” Ya signify action and krut indicates a breakdown. The liver is an organ that is continuously engaged in the activity of breaking down of food, water, air, or other sensory. Ayurveda mentioned the liver as a center of origin (mula sthana) of the circulatory system (raktavaha srotas).
As per Ayurveda, the liver is in connection to pathogens (dosha), tissues (dhatu) and its expansion, muscle (mamsa), heart (hridroga), blood (rakta), breath (pranavaha srotas), and discharge (mala). The liver supports the metabolism of sugar, lipid, and protein digestion. It helps to convert sugar into glycogen, starches, and proteins into fats, poisonous smelling salts into nontoxic urea, and so forth. It produces bile, blood coagulating and unreceptive to coagulating elements, proteins, and chemicals. It stores basic components and nutrients and is in charge of cleansing.
Ayurveda defines following types of hepatitis:
- Hemolytic jaundice (kostashakhasrita kamala paratantra kamala, or bahupittaja kamala)
- Obstructive jaundice (shakhasrita kamala).
Hepatitis could likewise be intrahepatic (swatantra) or extrahepatic jaundice (paratantra).
The other minor types of hepatitis are a chronic hepatic failure (kumba kamala), fulminant hepatic failure (halimaka), and hepatorenal syndrome (panaki).Hemolytic hepatitis is associated with moderate to severe anemia.
Hemolytic hepatitis is related to moderate to serious sickliness. Quickened loss of red platelets and hemoglobin (expanded malaroopa ranjaka pitta), its all due to unhealthy lifestyle and food habits (pittavardhaka ahara , vihara), prompts improved bilirubin development.
The obstructive hepatitis is because of the obstruction in the biliary stream. Water (kapha) or fluid accumulation obstructs the channels of the biliary system. The stools will be clay colored (tilapista nibha) until bile comes to the intestine (kosta). Conventional medicine considers hepatitis as one of the most common liver disorder.
- Hepatitis is due to some agents like (hepatitis A, B [HBV], C [HCV], D, E, G, cytomegalo virus [CM virus], Epstein-Barr infection [EB virus], yellow fever), parasites (E. histolytica), microscopic organisms (leptospirosis, cholangitis, septicemia), medications, and poisons.
- Hepatitis might be due to the admission of viral foodstuff, virus infected the blood, serum, spit, sexual contact, pee or excrement, blood transfusion, or fecal contaminated nourishment stuff.
- Viral disease in the liver causes destruction of parenchymal cells at the deoxyribonucleic (DNA) level, which leads to hepatocellular failure, troubling in nitrogen metabolism, inflammation, necrosis, and cirrhosis results in obstructive bile-canaliculi. This obstruction prompts restoration of bile into the circulatory system through the hepatic vein and lymphatics. The process at that point causes the serum bilirubin level to increase above 2 mg% and is adequate to be named clinically as jaundice.
Our Approach towards Liver disorders and Hepatitis
- Remove Obstruction among minute channels
- Clean the path
- Rejuvenate the local mechanism
- Minimize the effect of the virus
- Provide a good life to RBCs and defense mechanism of the body
- Clearing biliary tract blockage by laxatives is the basic line of its treatment.
- The vitiated pathogens removed with the curative therapy and live regenerative protocol will be followed as essential management.
Few hepatoprotective singles herbs as well as in different combination have proven scientific studies like Bacopa monnieri in Viral hepatitis, Emblica officinalis in Hepatomegaly hepatitis C, Glycyrrhiza glabra , Withania somnifera in Hepatoma, Adhatoda vasica in Liver disorders, Aegle marmelos, Phyllanthus niruri in Hepatitis B and few others herbs like Kutuki, Silybum or Milk thistle. Few classical formulations like Brhit Lokhnath rasa, Avipatikar Churana, etc. also has shown significant proven role in the management of Liver disorders.
The unique combination of the formulas has varied somewhat over the centuries, based on fundamental theories and available resources, and individual practitioners have a preference for particular herbs, thus accounting for some of the variations among formulas that are recommended.
There are some “interesting” combinations that are frequently found in liver formulas such as bhasmas but the prominent materials are derived from roots, barks, leaves, flowers, and fruits. Ayurveda believes in balancing all the three dosha in the equilibrium state, so we do. However, no individual herb alone is considered useful for promoting liver disorders. Rather, a combination of herbs is used in with the purpose of correcting a functional or organic problem that caused liver disorders.