As per the present impact of epileptic seizures, it affects nearly 1-5 % of population. The epileptic treatment duration is minimum 3 years to life time, long time usage of Anti-Convulsant drugs are having some of the adverse effects like hypersensitivity, Osteomalacia Megaloblastic Anemia, Sedation, Dizziness, Vertigo, Vomiting, and Diarrhea etc. long term treatment becomes an burden for low socioeconomic population, affects the intellectual status of the patient.
Himalayan Heal perspective in the management of Apasmara
Apasmara is defined as Apagamana of smruti associated with Tamah pravesh and Bibhatsa chestha due to dearrangement of Dhi, Satva and Smruti,
Loss of recollecting power is termed as Apasmara and it is due to samplava of Dhee and Satva
Though there is mentioning of Agantuja Apasmara in the context of Chikitsa, but it is missing under the subtypes of Apasmara..
So Himalayan heal believes in the complete care of Dhi, Satva and Smruti and balances all the vitiated dosha with the help of Ayurvedic medication , diet and yoga activities.Medya dravyas as well as scientifically proven ingredients used in the management. Herbs like Bramhi,Shankhpushpi,Guduchi,Kaldi Kanda and few others like Tamra, Tuttha, Gandhaka, asthhasanskrita Parada.
Some of the important Rasaoushadi used in effective management of Apasmara are:
Chaturmukha Rasa ,Anandbhairava Rasa ,Maha Mritunjaya Rasa ,Trailokya Chintamani Rasa,Unmada Gaja Keasari Rasa,Vata Kulantaka Rasa ,Yogendra Rasa ,Chanda Bhairava Rasa,Bhoota Bhairava Rasa ,Swarna Bhasma ,Rajata Bhasma,Haratala Bhasma ,Pravala Pishti ,Mukta Pishti,Swarna Makshika Bhasma etc.
The word Epilepsy is derived from Greek and means, “to seize upon’ ’Epilepsy can be defined as Condition characterized by recurrent episodes primarily of cerebral origin, in which there is a disturbance of movement, sensation. Behavior or consciousness. These episodes begin suddenly and have a tendency to disappear spontaneously.
Epilepsy (also called “seizures”) is characterized by uncontrolled excessive activity of either part or all the central nervous system.
A seizure is defined as a clinical manifestation of paroxysmal hyperactivity of set neurons in the brain, which may involve a change in state of responsiveness of an individual, and result in altered behavior, Epilepsy means a tendency to have seizures and is a symptom of brain diseases rather than diseases itself. A single seizure is not epilepsy but an indication for Investigation.
• Hippocratus, the father of modern medicine in about 400 B.C. opposed the supernatural explanation of epilepsy and correctly attributed it to abnormal cerebral function.
• In 4th century AD, Theodorus priscianus, a Latin author described a generalized tonic clonic seizure and questioned the name “Falling sickness” which was a popular term referring to epilepsy since antiquity .
• The knowledge about epilepsy further expanded by the growth in understanding of synaptic in terms of excitation, inhibition and interconnections between the synaptic systems. It was also clear that aberrant changes in these systems lead to epileptic discharges.
• Incidence of Epilepsy
Studies in developing countries suggest an annual incidence of 38-49 per 1, 00,000 population. Higher incidence in developing countries is said to be because of higher chances of experiencing conditions which lead to permanent brain damage e.g. meningitis, malaria, pre and postnatal complications, malnutrition and neurocysticercosis.
• Seizures and epilepsy
A seizure (from Latin sacire ‘to take the possession of’) is paroxysmal event due to abnormal, excessive, hyper synchronous discharges from an aggregate of CNS neurons. Epilepsy –condition in which a person has recurrent seizures due to chronic underlying process. Epilepsy refers to a phenomenon rather than a disease entity, since there are many forms for the cause of epilepsy.