Apasmara (Epilepsy) described in most Ayurvedic treatises can be classified into three categories Dietetic factors, behavioral factors, and miscellaneous factors.
Vitiation of the doshas, particularly Vata dosha. Since Vata dosha controls the functioning of the other doshas, vitiation in Vata dosha leads to disturbance of the delicate balance that exists between the doshas. This, in turn, leads to the disturbance in the functioning of the mind.
The process resembles blocking of conduction of sensory as well as motor impulses from sense organs to mind and back. This results in convulsions and loss of memory for varied durations. Over a period of time, damage to brain cells is caused.