Ayurvedic Approach towards Epilepsy (Apasmar)

Apasmara (epilepsy) is a disease characterized by episodes of convulsions followed by a transient period of unconsciousness and momentary loss of memory. Traditionally in the treatment, Apasmara ancient literature reveals that on has many references about formulations that can successfully manage.

Etiological Factors

Apasmara (Epilepsy) described in most Ayurvedic treatises can be classified into three categories Dietetic factors, behavioral factors, and miscellaneous factors.

Vitiation of the doshas, particularly Vata dosha. Since Vata dosha controls the functioning of the other doshas, vitiation in Vata dosha leads to disturbance of the delicate balance that exists between the doshas. This, in turn, leads to the disturbance in the functioning of the mind.

The process resembles blocking of conduction of sensory as well as motor impulses from sense organs to mind and back. This results in convulsions and loss of memory for varied durations. Over a period of time, damage to brain cells is caused.

Treatments for Apasmara in Ayurveda

The approach that Ayurveda has in treating Apasmara is unique. The first step involved is Shodhana or the cleansing of the body using procedures like Vamana (Emesis), Virechana (Purgation), Basti (enemas), shirovirechana (Nasal medications). This helps in eradicating the vitiated doshas from the body. These processes also make the body more receptive to the treatments that follow. Following Shodhana, various medications are administered through the oral and other routes for Shamana.

The basic fundamentals used as per Ayurveda are:

Swarasa (Expressed juice)

Kalka (Paste)

Kwatha (Decoction)

Hima (Cold Infusion)

Phanta (Hot Infection)

Ayurvedic Perspective of Epilepsy (Expert Talk)

Ayurvedic Swarasa (Expressed juice)

The various Swarasas mentioned in the classical texts of Ayurveda that are effective in the treatment of Apasmara are:

Rasona Swarasa, Shatavari Kanda Swarasa,Brahmi Swarasa etc. 

Medicated Ghrita (Ghee)

The medicated Ghrita (Ghee) is considered to be the most effective treatment in Apasmara. This is because ghee can cross the blood-brain barrier better than most other forms of medications. The various Ghrita`s mentioned in classics are:

Purana Ghrita,Panchagavya Ghrita,Mahapanchagavya Ghrita,Brahmi Ghrita,Mahakalyanaka Ghrita,Mahachaetess Ghrita,Vachadi Ghrita,Amalakyadi Ghrita,Kushmanda Ghrita etc.

Medicated Oils

Various medicated Tailas (Oils) are also listed in the treatment of Apasmara are:

Chandanadi Taila,Bala Taila,Triphaladi Taila,Palankashadi Taila,Katambharadi Taila,Vastramutradi taila etc.