Hepatitis is a word not a complete sentence

As per Ayurveda  the liver is called yakrut or yakruta or yakrit. The word yakrut is the combination of Sanskrit words  “ya” and “krut.” Ya denotes activity and krut denotes several meanings such as “to breakdown”.

Liver is considered as the largest organ of the body engaged in the activity of breaking down. Yakrut is also used known for “restoration” because it helps bring back damaged body tissues to a normal physiological state.

In Ayurveda, the role of liver is explained in relation to pathogens (dosha), tissues (dhatu) and its development, muscle (mamsa), heart (hridroga), blood (rakta), respiration (pranavaha srotas), and excretion (mala). The liver may be affected in the diseases involving these systems.

In modern medicine, through its involvement in the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, the liver is known to play a central role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis.

It converts sugar into glycogen, carbohydrates and proteins into fats, toxic ammonia into nontoxic urea, etc. It produces bile, blood coagulating and anti-coagulating factors, proteins, and enzymes. It stores critical trace elements and vitamins and is responsible for detoxification and elimination of various toxins, carcinogens, nitrogen-containing waste products, and alcohol.

The symptoms include increased serum bilirubin (pittavriddhi), decreased hepatic uptake (yakruta dhatwagni manya), decreased hepatic conjugation (saman vikruti), hepatocellular damage (yakruta shotha), biliary stasis (sang), steostasis (medomay, yakrut medoj siragranthi), and cirrhosis (yakrutshosh).

According to Ayurveda, hepatitis is a disease of the circulatory system and is categorized under biliary (pitta) diseases; ranjaka pitta is the type of biliary fluid. The liver secretes Pachaka pitta (more than 500 cc in a day) and is stored in the gall bladder (pittashaya). The stored bile gets reabsorbed and leaves a fraction of original bile (tyakta drava pitta). The concentration of original bile in the circulation is critical and any derangement leads to diseases arising out of weak digestive and metabolic activity (agni vaishamya). The more dilution of bile in the gall bladder results predominantly in symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and fever. When the concentration is too high, it leads to symptoms like burning sensations, thirst, profuse sweating, giddiness etc.

There are two main classifications of Hepatitis as per Ayurveda:

Kostashakhasrita kamala, paratantra kamala, or bahupittaja kamala can be considered as hemolytic jaundice and shakhasrita kamala can be considered as obstructive jaundice

Hepatitis could also be intrahepatic (swatantra) or extra hepatic jaundice (paratantra). The other minor types of hepatitis are chronic hepatic failure (kumba kamala), fulminant hepatic failure (halimaka), and hepatorenal syndrome (panaki).

Hemolytic hepatitis is generally associated with anemia. Destruction of red blood cells and hemoglobin (increased malaroopa ranjaka pitta), due to the diet and lifestyle that increase pitta (pittavardhaka ahara and vihara), leads to enhanced bilirubin formation.

The obstructive hepatitis is due to the obstruction in the biliary flow. Water (kapha) or fluid accumulation obstructing the passage channels of biliary system results in this manifestation. The stools will be clay colored (tilapista nibha) until bile comes to the intestine (kosta).

  • How Hepatitis transmitted:

    Hepatitis A:  HAV transmitted through consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.

    Hepatitis B:  HBV transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus.Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.

    Hepatitis C:   HCV is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, typically through injection drug use and sexual contact. HCV is among the most common blood borne viral infections in the United States

    Hepatitis D:  HDV is contracted through direct contact with infected blood. Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection.

    Hepatitis E: HEV is mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply.